Table 2

Pathways to care and outcomes after gestational diabetes (n=12 622)

Time periodVariable%95% CI*
PrepregnancyPrimary care visit (preconception)17.5 16.9 to 18.2
Preventive behavior:
Influenza shot in preconception year22.8 22.0 to 23.5
PregnancyPrenatal care:
First trimester initiation65.5 64.6 to 66.3
PostpartumPostpartum visit39.6 38.8 to 40.5
Any glucose test within 56 days5.8 5.4 to 6.3
Test type, recommended postpartum period
(not exclusive): fasting blood glucose (FBG)38.7 35.1 to 42.3
Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)36 32.5 to 39.5
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)60.2 56.6 to 63.8
By 1 yearPrimary care visit13.8 13.2 to 14.4
Any glucose test21.8 21.1 to 22.5
By 3 yearsPrimary care visit40.5 39.6 to 41.3
Any glucose test51 50.1 to 51.9
# Glucose tests per person (SD)2.6 (2.1) 2.5 to 2.6
Test type (not exclusive):
FBG37.6 36.4 to 38.8
HbA1c63.2 62.0 to 64.3
OGTT48.1 46.9 to 49.3
Outcomes (year 3)Postindex pregnancy17.4 16.7 to 18.0
Repeat GDM (among repeat pregnancies)52.2 50.1 to 54.3
T2DM onset within 3 years after delivery7.6 7.2 to 8.1
  • *Boldface indicates statistical significance