Table 3

Time to death from diabetes diagnosis for all available data adjusted for age, gender, race, and other conditions

ConditionHR (99.9% CI) for health conditionHR* (99.9% CI) for malnutrition within health condition
IHD†1.08 (1.08 to 1.09)1.62 (1.61 to 1.63)
AMI‡1.19 (1.19 to 1.20)1.47 (1.44 to 1.49)
Stroke/TIA§1.23 (1.23 to 1.24)1.59 (1.57 to 1.60)
COPD§1.49 (1.49 to 1.50)1.66 (1.64 to 1.67)
CKD§1.58 (1.58 to 1.59)1.55 (1.54 to 1.56)
HF§1.56 (1.55 to 1.56)1.56 (1.55 to 1.57)
Malnutrition§1.66 (1.65 to 1.66)
Lung cancer§2.70 (2.68 to 2.72)1.61 (1.57 to 1.64)
  • All P<0.0001.

  • *Effect of malnutrition within other common comorbid conditions.

  • †Adjusted for all other conditions at time zero, excluding AMI.

  • ‡Adjusted for all other conditions at time zero, excluding IHD.

  • §Adjusted for all other conditions at time zero.

  • AMI, acute myocardial infarction; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder; CKD, chronic kidney disease; HF, heart failure; IHD, ischemic heart disease; TIA, transient ischemic attack.