Table 1

Features of female collegiate athletes and correlation coefficients of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

(n = 174)
Correlation coefficients
log ASTlog ALT
Age (years)19.9±1.3−0.138−0.005
Height (cm)165.2±6.10.208**0.237**
Weight (kg)59.1±6.60.1120.209**
BMI (kg/m2)21.6±1.9−0.0240.080
Waist circumference (cm)74.8±5.0−0.0430.018
Arm fat mass (kg)1.1±0.5−0.0340.061
Leg fat mass (kg)5.5±1.6−0.0880.014
Trunk fat mass(kg)6.5±2.1−0.1380.014
Total fat mass (kg)13.7±4.1−0.1150.020
Arm FMI (kg/m2)7.1±2.8−0.113−0.047
Leg FMI (kg/m2)9.3±2.0−0.265**−0.185*
Trunk FMI (kg/m2)8.6±2.3−0.248**−0.132
Total FMI (kg/m2)5.0±1.5−0.157*−0.024
% Arm fat (%)19.3±7.2−0.080−0.011
% Leg fat (%)25.3±5.0−0.224**−0.132
% Trunk fat (%)23.2±5.8−0.209**−0.081
% Total body fat (%)22.8±5.1−0.206**−0.091
Trunk/leg fat ratio1.17±0.21−0.1220.000
ASM (kg)19.3±2.20.289**0.313**
Arm lean mass (kg)4.1±0.50.1170.218**
Leg lean mass (kg)15.2±1.80.321**0.322**
Trunk lean mass (kg)20.2±2.00.263**0.284**
Total lean mass (kg)42.9±4.30.285**0.307**
ASMI (kg/m2)7.1±0.60.232**0.241**
Arm LMI (kg/m2)1.51±0.160.0000.097
Leg LMI (kg/m2)5.5±0.40.283**0.260**
Trunk LMI (kg/m2)7.4±0.50.156*0.162*
Total LMI (kg/m2)15.7±1.00.201**0.206**
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)86±6−0.0750.011
Fasting insulin (μU/mL)5.8±4.6−0.083−0.076
Triglycerides (mg/dL)56±21−0.203**−0.170*
Cholesterol (mg/dL)181±26−0.0520.017
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)77±130.157*0.174*
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)92±21−0.124−0.055
Apolipoprotein AI (mg/dL)172±220.196**0.223**
Apolipoprotein B (mg/dL)69±13−0.148−0.087
Leptin (ng/mL)6.4±2.9−0.213**−0.058
Adiponectin (µg/mL)11.6±4.30.0310.072
AST (U/L)21±1110.720**
ALT (U/L)14±60.720**1
Systolic BP (mm Hg)106±100.0250.065
Diastolic BP (mm Hg)59±70.0080.064
Resting pulse (bpm)57±8−0.208**−0.153*
  • *P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001.

  • ASM, appendicular skeletal muscle mass;  ASMI, ASM index; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure;  FMI, fat mass index; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance; LMI, lean mass index.