Table 2

Univariate regression analysis of the risk factors for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes

VariableOR (95% CI)P value
Gender
 Female1
 Male1.01 (0.72 to 1.60)0.763
Age, years
 18–341
 35–642.70 (1.91 to 5.39)0.047
 ≥655.19 (2.47 to 10.89)<0.001
Family history of diabetes mellitus (parents/siblings)
 No1
 Yes3.37 (2.26 to 5.03)<0.001
Smoking status
 No1
 Yes1.18 (0.68 to 2.04)0.566
Moderate regular physical activity
 No1
 Yes0.93 (0.55 to 1.57)0.786
Hypertension status
 No1
 Yes1.48 (1.04 to 2.18)0.049
Body mass index, kg/m2
 <251
 25.0–29.91.81 (1.14 to 2.89)0.013
 ≥30.03.19 (2.04 to 5.00)<0.001
Waist-to-hip ratio
 <0.90 for males and <0.85 for females1
 ≥0.90 for males and ≥0.85 for females2.39 (1.64 to 3.48)<0.001