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Diabetic muscle infarction: a systematic review
  1. William B Horton1,
  2. Jeremy S Taylor1,
  3. Timothy J Ragland2,
  4. Angela R Subauste1,3
  1. 1Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA
  2. 2Department of Radiology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA
  3. 3Division of Endocrinology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Angela R Subauste; asubauste{at}umc.edu

Abstract

Context Diabetic muscle infarction (DMI) is a rare complication associated with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. Less than 200 cases have been reported in the literature since it was first described over 45 years ago. There is no clear ‘standard of care’ for managing these patients.

Evidence acquisition PubMed searches were conducted for ‘diabetic muscle infarction’ and ‘diabetic myonecrosis’ from database inception through July 2014. All articles identified by these searches were reviewed in detail if the article text was available in English.

Evidence synthesis The current literature exists as case reports or small case series, with no prospective or higher-order treatment studies available. Thus, an evidence-based approach to data synthesis was difficult. The available literature is presented objectively with an attempt to describe clinically relevant trends and findings in the diagnosis and management of DMI.

Conclusions Early recognition of DMI is key, so appropriate treatment can be initiated. MRI is the radiological study of choice. A combination of bed rest, glycemic control, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy appears to yield the shortest time to symptom resolution and the lowest risk of recurrence.

  • Clinical Complications
  • NSAIDs

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

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