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Glucose-lowering effect of whey protein depends upon clinical characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes
  1. Rogelio U Almario1,
  2. Wendy M Buchan2,
  3. David M Rocke3,4,
  4. Sidika E Karakas1,5
  1. 1Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, The University Of California at Davis, Sacramento, California, USA
  2. 2Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, University of Sacramento, Sacramento, California, USA
  3. 3Division of Biostatistics, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, California, USA
  4. 4Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Davis, California, USA
  5. 5Department of Veterans Affairs Northern California Health Care System, Sacramento, California, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sidika E Karakas, 4150 V. Street,Sacramento, CA 95817; sekarakas{at}ucdavis.edu

Footnotes

  • Contributors RUA conducted clinical studies, organized data. WMB designed the controlled feeding menus. DMR planned and carried out the statistical analysis of the data and contributed to the writing and editing of the manuscript. SEK designed the study, supervised the clinical studies and laboratory assays, facilitated collaborations and contributed to data analysis. SEK prepared the manuscript with contributions from all the coauthors. All authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript. SEK has the primary responsibility for the final content of the article.

  • Funding The study was supported by a grant from the California Dairy Research Foundation to the University of California, Davis, for SEK. The clinical studies were also partly supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), National Institutes of Health (NIH), through grant #UL1 TR000002. Whey protein and placebo were produced and donated by Glanbia Nutritionals, Twin Falls, Idaho, USA.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Insitutional Review Board (IRB) of the University of California Davis which complies with the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 1983.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement This manuscript includes all the data available.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors RUA conducted clinical studies, organized data. WMB designed the controlled feeding menus. DMR planned and carried out the statistical analysis of the data and contributed to the writing and editing of the manuscript. SEK designed the study, supervised the clinical studies and laboratory assays, facilitated collaborations and contributed to data analysis. SEK prepared the manuscript with contributions from all the coauthors. All authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript. SEK has the primary responsibility for the final content of the article.

  • Funding The study was supported by a grant from the California Dairy Research Foundation to the University of California, Davis, for SEK. The clinical studies were also partly supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), National Institutes of Health (NIH), through grant #UL1 TR000002. Whey protein and placebo were produced and donated by Glanbia Nutritionals, Twin Falls, Idaho, USA.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Insitutional Review Board (IRB) of the University of California Davis which complies with the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 1983.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement This manuscript includes all the data available.

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