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Health-related quality of life and its associated factors among adult patients with type II diabetes attending Mizan Tepi University Teaching Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia
  1. Tadesse Gebremedhin1,
  2. Abdulhalik Workicho2,
  3. Dessie Abebaw Angaw2
  1. 1 Department of Public Health, Mizan Aman College of Health Science, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  2. 2 Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Health, Faculty of Public Health, University of Jimma, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  1. Correspondence to Dessie Abebaw Angaw; dessieabebaw96{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Background Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has become an important measure for evaluating patient treatment with non-curable chronic disease. The aim of the study was to assess HRQOL and its associated factors among patients with type II diabetes.

Methods This is an institution-based, cross-sectional study conducted from March 13 to May 9, 2018. A total of 267 patients with type II diabetes who visited the clinic for follow-up for at least 3 months and who were 18 years or older were included in the study. The WHO Quality of Life-BREF was used to assess quality of life. Multivariable linear regression was employed to identify associated factors with HRQOL among patients with type II diabetes.

Results The mean score for overall HRQOL was 51.50±15.78. The mean scores for physical health, psychological, environmental and social relationship domains were 49.10±18.14, 53.51±19.82, 49.72±16.09 and 53.68±17.50, respectively. Age, disease duration and fasting blood glucose level were inversely associated with all domains of HRQOL (p<0.001). Body mass index was inversely related with all domains of HRQOL except with the physical health domain.

Conclusion The findings from this study indicated that all dimensions of HRQOL of patients with diabetes in this study setting were compromised. The study also identified important predictors such as age, duration of disease and level of fasting blood sugar. This entails the need to intervene in improving the HRQOL of patients with diabetes beyond the provision of standard treatments.

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • quality of life
  • Ethiopia

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Footnotes

  • Contributors TG, AW and DA conceived of the study and were involved in the design of the study, coordination and review of the article, analysis, writing of the report, and drafting of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding This research work was funded by Mizan Aman Health Science College.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Ethics approval The study was approved by the ethical committee of the Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science and University of Jimma. Before data collection, ethical clearance letter was obtained from the ethical review board of Jimma University Institute of Health. The letter was submitted to Mizan Tepi University Teaching Hospital management for permission. The letter was obtained from the medical director of the hospital and submitted to outpatient department coordinators. Respondents were informed and their oral consent was obtained. The respondents’ right to refuse or withdraw from participating in the interview at any time was fully respected, and the information provided by each respondent was kept confidential by putting the collected data in a separate room.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No additional data available.

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