Table 1

Baseline characteristics of patients

Baseline characteristicsTotal
Age (years)52.3±11.50
Male gender n (%)59 (41)
Type of diabetes
 Type 17 (4.9%)
 Type 2136 (95.1%)
Duration of diabetes (years)12.1±7.60
Body mass index (kg/m²)29.7±5.8
Systolic BP (mm Hg)126±16
Diastolic BP (mm Hg)80±9
Hypertension (BP≥130/85 mm Hg)73 (51.0%)
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL)158.5±71.2
Serum creatinine (mg/dL)0.98±0.30
Calcium (mg/dL)8.7±0.6
Serum cholesterol (mg/dL)169±41
Triglyceride (mg/dL)134±80
High-density lipoprotein (mg/dL)39±10
Low-density lipoprotein (mg/dL)106±34
HbA1c (%)8.6±1.5
HbA1c (mmol/mol)70.2±16.4
25(OH)D (ng/mL)31.7±23.2
Deficient (<20 ng/mL)58 (40.6%)
Insufficient (20–30 ng/mL)24 (16.8%)
Sufficient (>30 ng/mL)61 (42.7%)
  • Data represented as n (%) or mean±SD.

  • 25(OH)D, 25-hydroxyvitamin D; BP, blood pressure; HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin.