Table 1

Anthropometric, metabolic, and sensory testing data in type 2 diabetic and comparison non-diabetic participants at baseline

Baseline resultsType 2 diabetesNo diabetesSignificance
Age, mean years (SD)61.0 (8.4)60.1 (10.7)NS
Women (%)39.440.7NS
Ethnic origin99.4% white British97% white BritishNS
Duration of diabetes months (SD)62.3 (range 1–190)
Height, cm (SD)170.0 (9.9)172.5 (9.5)NS
Weight, kg (SD)90.9 (17.5)76.7 (14.7)p<0.001
BMI, kg/m2 (SD)31.3 (5.6)25.5 (3.4)p<0.001*
Blood pressure, mm Hg, systolic (SD)138.0 (19.0)128.3 (16.9)p<0.001*
Blood pressure, mm Hg, diastolic (SD)79.3 (9.9)79.5 (11.8)NS
Cholesterol, mmol/L(SD)5.5 (1.1)5.4 (0.9)NS
HDL cholesterol, mmol/L (SD)1.26 (0.26)1.8 (1.1)0.007*
Triglycerides, mmol/L, median (IQR)2.0 (1.4–2.9)1.4 (0.4–2.1)0.091†
ABPI (SD)1.1 (0.11)Not tested
Mean right VPT (SD)16.7 (10.2)9.1 (4.7)p<0.001*
Mean left VPT (SD)16.1 (10.6)9.6 (5.1)p<0.001*
Number failed >1 10 g MF39 of 2060 of 71p<0.001‡
Number failed >2 6 g MF51 of 2063 of 71p<0.001‡
Number neuropathic symptoms11 of 2060 of 71p<0.001‡
  • *Two-tailed t test unequal variance.

  • †Log-transformed data.

  • ‡χ2 test.

  • ABPI, ankle-brachial pressure index; BMI, body mass index; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; MF, monofilament; NS, not significant; VPT, vibration perception threshold.