Table 2

Summary of quality of care markers

Percentages or mean (SD) (n=61)Rural (n=34)Urban (n=27)
1. Appointment adherence72%59%89%*
2. Patient–provider communication (SD)13.6 (2.7)13.0 (3.0)14.4 (2.2)*
3. Diabetes education during clinic visit65%61%70%
4. Congruency with 2014 ADA standards of care
 A. Blood glucose monitoring100%100%100%
 B. Blood pressure87%65%93%
 C. Foot care74%65%89%*
 D. Eye examination50%44%59%
 E. Kidney function31%24%41%
 F. Blood lipids52%50%56%
5. Diabetes self-management behaviors (% not missing prescribed insulin/medication dosing, or SMBG)60%71%52%
6. Diabetes-related hospitalization or DKA incidence in the past year19%33%4%**
  • *p<0.05 **p<0.01.

  • ADA, American Diabetes Association; DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis; SMBG, self-monitoring of blood glucose.