Table 2

Associated factors of willingness to use an information and communication technology-based self-management tool (n=311)

UnadjustedAdjusted (n=278)
VariablesOR (95% CI)p ValueOR (95% CI)p Value
Age0.96 (0.94 to 0.98)<0.010.99 (0.97 to 1.02)0.50
Diabetes type*
 Type 1 diabetes3.08 (0.97 to 9.79)0.061.61 (0.44 to 5.87)0.47
 No1.66 (1.02 to 2.70)0.042.02 (1.14 to 3.58)0.02
Frequency of outpatient visits†
 Once a month or more1.64 (0.99 to 2.71)0.062.13 (1.13 to 3.99)0.02
Current use of personal computers and/or smartphones
 Yes5.01 (3.04 to 8.25)<0.014.91 (2.69 to 8.98)<0.01
Diabetes-related emotional distress‡1.11 (1.03 to 1.19)<0.011.10 (1.01 to 1.20)0.02
  • Final model of the multiple logistic regression analysis: age, diabetes type, and nephropathy were included with the forced entry method; the others were included with the stepwise method. Participants who had missing data in at least one of the selected variables (those with p<0.2 on bivariate analysis) were excluded from the multivariate analysis.

  • *Reference, type 2 diabetes.

  • †Reference, less than once a month.

  • ‡OR for every four-point increase in the scores measured using the Japanese version of the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale.