Table 2

Incremental areas under the curves (iAUCs) (0–180 min) during the three visits

Time (min)†‡Carbohydrates first (CF)Carbohydrates last (CL)Sandwich (S)
Glucose iAUC
Insulin iAUC
Glucagon-like peptide-1 iAUC
  • *Values are expressed in SI units as mean±SEM, n=16.

  • †Blood samples were collected immediately before the meal (t=0 min) and at 30, 60, 90, and 180 min after the start of the meal.

  • ‡Intervals were measured in minutes from the start of the meal. The 30-minute time point was immediately collected after the meal was finished.

  • §Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) between CF and CL.

  • ¶Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) between CL and S.