Table 1

Clinical characteristics of participants with type 1 diabetes mellitus

VariableType 1 diabetes
Mean age41.9 years (95% CI 39.8 to 44.0)
Number of men390/706 (55.2%)
Mean hemoglobin A1c8.27 (SD 1.68)
Self-reported complications (%)
 Retinopathy249 (35.3)
 Nephropathy55 (7.8)
 Peripheral neuropathy133 (18.8)