Table 1

Demographic profile, family history and duration of sun exposure

VariablesDeficiency(0–49.998 nmol/L)Insufficiency(50–74.99 nmol/L)Sufficiency(>75 nmol/L)P values
ReligionHindu544 (99.4)206 (100)44 (100)0.8
Others3 (0.6)00
Marital statusMarried500 (91.4)182 (88.3)42 (95.4)0.51
Unmarried47 (8.6)24 (11.7)2 (4.6)
EducationNever attended school102 (18.6)30 (14.5)15 (34)0.004
Grades 1–8 112 (20.5)42 (20.5)10 (22.7)
Grades 9 and 1072 (13.2)38 (18.4)0
Higher secondary77 (14)25 (12.1)4 (9)
College/diploma9 (1.6)12 (5.8)2 (4.6)
Graduate117 (21.5)33 (16.1)7 (16)
Postgraduate58 (10.6)26 (12.6)6 (13.7)
Employment statusEmployed158 (28.8)58 (28.1)13 (29.5)0.05
Self-employed34 (6.2)19 (9.2)5 (11.5)
Housewife355 (65)129 (62.7)26 (59)
Family income(in Indian National Rupee)Less than 10 00051 (9.3)24 (11.7)8 (18.1)0.003
10 001–30 000275 (50.2)129 (62.6)24 (54.5)
More than 30 000221 (40.5)53 (25.7)12 (27.4)
Tobacco consumption4 (0.7)000.399
Alcohol consumption2 (0.3)000.732
Personal medical historyHypertension66 (12)20 (9.7)6 (13.6)0.65
Thyroid62 (11.3)12 (5.8)7 (16)0.3
Tuberculosis/asthma4 (0.7)2 (0.9)2 (4.5)0.598
Family medical historyObesity6 (1)4 (1.9)00.44
Diabetes102 (18.6)42 (20.4)4 (9)0.09
Hypertension56 (10.2)28 (13.6)6 (1.36)0.113
Heart disease21 (3.8)12 (5.8)4 (9.0)0.746
Thyroid disease7 (1.3)2 (0.9)2 (4.5)0.2
Tuberculosis4 (0.7)4 (1.9)2 (4.5)0.6
Skin exposureFace/hands209 (38.2)62 (30)15 (34)0.05
Face/hands/arms/leg338 (61.8)144 (70)29 (66)
Duration of sun exposure (min/day)<5320 (58.5)110 (53.4)20 (45.4)0.04
5–15183 (33.4)80 (38.8)15 (34.6)
15–30 44 (8.1)16 (7.8)9 (20)
  • Values are given as the number, %. P<0.05 is statistically significant.