Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of eligible patients with type 2 diabetes at baseline

DemographicsEligible patient population (N=2704)
Age (years)N (missing)2704 (0)
Mean (SD)54.6 (10.6)
Male (n, %)N (missing)2704 (0)
n (%)1446 (53.5%)
Ethnicity (n, %)N (missing)2704 (0)
Caucasian*1246 (46.1%)
Non-Caucasian1458 (53.9%)
Education level (n, %)N (missing)2702 (2)
Illiterate172 (6.4%)
Primary491 (18.2%)
Secondary916 (33.9%)
University/higher education1123 (41.6%)
Medical health coverage (n, %)N (missing)2703 (1)
n (%)1413 (52.3%)
Employment status (n, %)N (missing)2704 (0)
Full time1194 (44.2%)
Part time131 (4.8%)
Unemployed1379 (51.0%)
Weight (kg)N (missing)2688 (16)
m (SD)78.3 (16.2)
BMI (kg/m2)N (missing)2641 (63)
Mean (SD)28.7 (5.4)
Duration of diabetes (year)N (missing)2692 (12)
Mean (SD)10.1 (6.7)
Diabetes-related complication (n, %)N (missing)2704 (0)
n (%)1512 (55.9%)
 At least one macrovascular complicationN1512
n (%)498 (32.9%)
 At least one microvascular complicationN1512
n (%)1329 (87.9%)
10 years CV risk (%)N (missing)1683 (1021)
Median14.6
Diagnosis of high blood pressure (n, %)N (missing)2702 (2)
Yes1657 (61.3%)
No / Unknown1045 (38.7%)
Diagnosis of dyslipidemia (n, %)N (missing)2702 (2)
Yes1603 (59.3%)
No/Unknown1099 (40.7%)
Smoking habits (n, %)N (missing)2701 (3)
Never1960 (72.6%)
Former403 (14.9%)
Current338 (12.5%)
Last HbA1c level in the last 3 months (%)N (missing)2596 (108)
Mean (SD)9.7 (1.8)
HbA1c level in the last 3 months in classes (%)N (missing)2596 (108)
<7%58 (2.2%)
7–7.5%97 (3.7%)
7.5–8%226 (8.7%)
8–8.5%321 (12.4%)
≥8.5%1884 (73.0%)
  • * Caucasian class included Caucasian and Oriental/Arab/Persian patients, as Caucasians were classified as individuals having origins from Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.40

  • BMI, body mass index; CV, cardiovascular; HbA1c, glycemic hemoglobin A1c.