Table 2

Participants’ sociodemographic characteristics in the treatment group

CharacteristicsIntervention group
n=122 (52.6%)
Comparison group
n=110 (47.4)
Total population
n=232 (%)
Gender
 Male56 (45.9)39 (35.5)95 (40.9)
 Female66 (54.1)71 (64.5)137 (59.1)
Age (years)
 Mean (SD)43.5 (7.1)45.1 (9.2)44.2 (8.1)
 ≤4465 (53.3)48 (43.6)113 (48.7)
 >4457 (46.7)62 (56.4)119 (51.3)
Marital status
 Currently unmarried32 (26.2)16 (14.5)48 (20.7)
 Currently married90 (73.8)94 (85.5)184 (79.3)
Education
 ≤Secondary62 (50.8)52 (47.3)114 (49.1)
 >Secondary60 (49.2)58 (52.7)118 (50.9)
Income (Omani rials)*
 ≤1000 per month70 (57.4)55 (50)125 (53.9)
 >1000 per month41 (33.6)37 (33.6)78 (33.6)
Employment
 Currently unemployed42 (34.4)55 (50)97 (41.8)
 Currently employed80 (65.6)55 (50)135 (58.2)
Mean duration of diabetes (SD)6.4 (4.5)5.3 (2.6)5.8 (3.7)
 ≤5 years63 (51.6)52 (47.3)115 (49.6)
 >5 years59 (48.4)58 (52.7)117 (50.4)
Comorbidities†
 No comorbidities27 (22.1)26 (23.6)53 (22.8)
 With comorbidities95 (77.9)84 (76.4)179 (77.2)
Diabetes medication
 Diet only7 (5.7)5 (4.5)12 (5.2)
 Oral hypoglycemic drugs103 (84.5)85 (77.3)188 (81.0)
 Oral hypoglycemic+insulin12 (9.8)20 (18.2)32 (13.8)
  • *29 missing values due to reporting ’I don’t know’.

  • †Presence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, thyroid, or any other condition coinciding with diabetes registered in the health information system.