Table 1

General and biochemical characteristics of type 2 DM participants according to their gender

MaleFemaleP value*
N (%)99 (41.4)140 (58.6)
Age (year)57.39±9.5855.90±8.610.21
BMI (kg/m2)29.40±4.0032.16±4.36<0.01
 Yes39 (39.4)4 (2.9)<0.01
 No60 (60.6)163 (97.1)
Duration of type 2 DM (year)7 (4–13)5.50 (3-10)0.08
FBG (mmol/L)8.70 (6.90–12.60)8 (6.5–12.1)0.29
HbA1c (%)8.29 (6.94–9.80)7.53 (6.70–9.05)0.05
SBP (mm Hg)139.82±15.99136.60±17.310.15
DBP (mm Hg)84.50±10.0281.88±10.270.05
25-hydroxyvitamin D (ng/mL)14.80 (9.05–21.70)14.29 (8.04–24.30)0.79
On neuropathic pain medication (gabapentin)
 Yes8 (8.1)8 (5.7)0.60
 No91 (91.9)132 (94.3)
  • *Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) were determined using Student’s t test or Mann-Whitney test for continuous variables and χ2 test or Fisher‘s exact test for categorical variables. Data were expressed as frequency (%), mean±SD or median (25th–75th percentiles).

  • BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; DM, diabetes mellitus; FBG, fasting blood glucose;; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; SBP, systolic blood pressure.