Table 4

Test of association between predictive variables with glycemic control

VariablesGlycemic control levelOR, 95% CIP value
PoorGoodCORAOR
Diabetes-specific MRCI
 Low diabetes MRCI345211
 Moderate diabetes MRCI83452.583 (1.313 to 5.083)0.922 (0.294 to 2.896)0.890
 High diabetes MRCI40211.029 (0.546 to 1.940)0.276 (0.100 to 0.759)0.013
Patient-level MRCI
 Low total MRCI183411
 Moderate total MRCI70553.754 (1.851 to 7.612)1.078 (0.314 to 3.696)0.905
 High total MRCI69291.754 (1.009 to 3.049)1.239 (0.523 to 2.934)0.626
Adherence level
 Adherent11
 Non-adherent0.173 (0.091 to 0.330)0.09 (0.039 to 0.225)<0.001
Other variables
Sex
 Male83461
 Female74720.609 (0.376 to 0.987)
Age (years)
 <641331061.649 (0.788 to 3.450)1.364 (0.587 to 3.168)0.471
 ≥64241211
Resident
 Urban998511
 Rural58331.471 (0.880 to 2.460)1.403 (0.442 to 4.454)0.651
Educational status
 Unable to read and write75530.879 (0.428 to 1.806)
 Able to read and write25271.361 (0.592 to 3.1130)
 Primary education960.583 (0.168 to 2.025)
 Secondary education27140.605 (0.246 to 1.490)
 Higher education21181
Employment status
 Government employed362511
 Merchant32110.264 (0.116 to 0.600)0.322 (0.102 to 1.017)0.053
 Farmer48270.432 (0.224 to 0.830)0.279 (0.098 to 0.797)0.017
 Non-governmental organization employed8121.151 (0.422 to 3.139)4.059 (0.775 to 21.253)0.097
 Unemployed33430.533 (0.69 to 1.055)1.268 (0.354 to 4.549)0.715
Monthly income in ETB
 <1500333711
 1500–250057431.977 (1.068 to 3.658)0.755 (0.271 to 2.102)0.59
 ≥250067381.330 (0.759 to 2.332)1.724 (0.719 to 4.131)0.222
Do you have insurance?
 Yes54391
 No103790.962 (0.581 to 1.593)
Ever had diabetic education
 Yes124961.097 (0.603 to 1.996)1.27 (0.594 to 2.736)0.533
 No33221
Distance from the hospital
 <100 km1061012.698 (1.475 to 4.935)13.195 (3.193 to 54.517)<0.001
 >100 km511711
Duration since starting DM treatment
 <10 years12510011
 ≥10 years32180.678 (0.360 to 1.279)0.736 (0.345 to 1.568)0.427
Comorbidity
 Present77390.520 (0.317 to 0.851)0.454 (0.231 to 0.890)0.010
 Absent807911
  • Bold indicates p-value of less than 0.05

  • 1, Reference; AOR, adjusted OR;COR, crude OR; ETB, Ethiopian Birr; MRCI, Medication Regimen Complexity Index.