Table 1

Survey-adjusted means and prevalence for self-report and undiagnosed diabetes groups

Self reported diabetesUndiagnosed diabetes
AllHealthcare
YesNo
Unweighted sample size
(diabetes n=18 878)
10 68681923417 (8192)4775 (8192)
Unadjusted prevalence (95% CI), %
(overall: 2.9 (2.9 to 3.1))
1.7 (1.7 to 1.9)1.2 (1.2 to 1.3)N/AN/A
Diabetes proportions (95% CI), %58 (56.6 to 59.3)42 (40.7 to 43.4)44.6 (42.9 to 46.4)55.4 (53.6 to 57.1)
Sex (95% CI), %
 Female87 (85.8 to 88.2)82 (80.6 to 83.4)78 (75.8 to 80.2)84 (82.3 to 85.7)
 Male13 (11.8 to 14.2)18 (16.6 to 19.4)22 (19.8 to 24.2)16 (14.3 to 17.7)
Mean age (95% CI), years39.1 (38.7,39.4)37.8 (37.5 to 38.1)38.26 (37.9 to 38.6)37.41 (37.0 to 37.8)
Age categories (95% CI), %
 15–247 (6.1 to 7.9)10 (9.1 to 10.9)7 (5.8 to 8.2)12 (10.7 to 13.3)
 25–3418 (16.8 to 19.3)20 (18.7 to 21.3)21 (19.0 to 23.0)20 (18.3 to 21.7)
 35–4440 (38.6 to 41.5)41 (39.4 to 42.6)43 (40.6 to 45.4)40 (37.8 to 42.2)
 45–4935 (33.4 to 36.6)29 (27.5 to 30.5)29 (26.8 to 31.2)29 (27.0 to 31.0)
Wealth index (95% CI), %
 Poorest8 (7 to 9)10 (9.1 to 10.9)9 (7.8 to 10.2)11 (9.8 to 12.2)
 Poor11 (10.1 to 11.9)15 (13.9 to 16.1)14 (12.4 to 15.6)16 (14.5 to 17.5)
 Middle16 (14.9 to 17.1)21 (19.6 to 22.4)22 (19.9 to 24.1)21 (19.2 to 22.8)
 Rich28 (26.5 to 29.5)27 (25.5 to 28.5)29 (26.7 to 31.3)25 (23.0 to 27.0)
 Richest36 (34.2 to 37.8)27 (25.3 to 28.7)26 (23.5 to 28.5)27 (24.8 to 29.2)
Education (95% CI), %
 No education24 (22.7 to 25.3)31 (29.4 to 32.6)31 (28.7 to 33.3)31 (28.9 to 33.1)
 Primary15 (13.8 to 16.2)15 (13.8 to 16.2)16 (14.2 to 17.8)14 (12.5 to 15.6)
 Secondary48 (46.5 to 49.5)43 (41.4 to 44.7)42 (39.6 to 44.5)44 (41.8 to 46.2)
 Higher13 (11.8 to 14.2)11 (9.8 to 12.2)11 (9.2 to 12.8)11 (9.5 to 12.5)
Place of residence (95% CI), %
 Urban52 (49.7 to 54.4)44 (41.9 to 46.1)43 (40.1 to 45.9)44 (41.4 to 46.6)
 Rural48 (45.7 to 50.4)56 (53.9 to 58.1)57 (54.1 to 59.9)56 (53.4 to 58.6)
 Region of country (95% CI), %
 Central15 (13.9 to 16.1)19 (17.8 to 20.2)17 (15.4 to 18.6)21 (19.5 to 22.6)
 East20 (18.2 to 21.8)19 (17.3 to 20.7)16 (13.9 to 18.1)22 (19.7 to 24.3)
 North9 (8.2 to 9.8)9 (8.2 to 9.8)9 (7.9 to 10.1)9 (8.0 to 10.0)
 Northeast2 (1.7 to 2.3)2 (1.7 to 2.3)2 (1.7 to 2.3)3 (2.6 to 3.4)
 South42 (39.5 to 44.6)34 (32.0 to 36.0)47 (44.1 to 49.9)24 (21.8 to 26.2)
 West12 (10.6 to 13.41)16 (14.2 to 17.8)10 (8.1 to 11.9)21 (18.4 to 23.6)
 Lifestyle
 Smokes (95% CI), %13 (12.0 to 14.0)15 (13.8 to 16.2)19 (17.0 to 21.0)12 (10.6 to 13.5)
 Drinks (95% CI), %7 (6.0 to 8.0)8 (7.1 to 8.9)11 (9.3 to 12.7)5 (4.1 to 5.9)
Mean body mass index25.4 (25.2 to 25.6)25.3 (25.1 to 25.4)25.6 (25.3 to 25.9)25.0 (24.7 to 25.2)
Mean glucose (95% CI), mg/dL172.4 (168.7 to 176.1)234.0 (230.7 to 237.4)231.5 (226.7 to 236.2)236.1 (231.6 to 240.5)
Mean systolic BP (95% CI), mm Hg123.5 (123.0 to 124.1)125.4 (124.8 to 125.9)125.5 (124.5 to 126.4)125.3 (124.6 to 126.0)
Mean diastolic BP (95% CI), mm Hg83.58 (83.1 to 84.1)84.9 (84.3 to 85.5)85.1 (84.3 to 85.9)84.7 (83.8 to 85.6)
Access to healthcare (95% CI), %
 Yes50 (48.1 to 51.9)45 (43.3 to 46.7)100 (0)0 (0)
 No50 (48.1 to 51.9)55 (53.26 to 56.74)0 (0)100 (0)
  • BP, blood pressure.