Table 2

Independent baseline associates of time to first episode of diabetic ketoacidosis during follow-up

HR (95% CI)P value
ln(serum C-peptide (pmol/L))*0.44 (0.33 to 0.59)<0.001
Secondary diabetes22.1 (4.82 to 101)<0.001
HbA1c (increase of 1% or 7 mmol/mol)1.76 (1.41 to 2.19)<0.001
  • *A 2.72-fold increase in serum C-peptide corresponds to an increase of 1 in ln(serum C-peptide).

  • HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin.