Table 3

Association of TG/HDL-C ratio with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the regression analyses with time-invariant ratio and covariates

TG/HDL-C ratio (mmol/L/mmol/L)Ptrend
<0.870.87–1.301.31–1.74≥1.75
Baseline TG/HDL-C
 No of subjects688359197216
 No of DM cases28272836
 Incidence/1000
 person-years
4.347.6114.1816.62
HR/SHR (95% CI)
Cox regression1.001.44 (0.84 to 2.48)2.40 (1.39 to 4.17)2.53 (1.51 to 4.24)<0.001
Fine-Gray model1.001.57 (0.91 to 2.69)2.47 (1.42 to 4.29)2.76 (1.64 to 4.63)<0.001
Average of TG/HDL-C
No of subjects699359186216
No of DM cases24302441
Incidence/1000
person-years
3.618.5713.1818.89
HR/SHR (95% CI)
Cox regression1.002.11 (1.22 to 3.65)3.19 (1.77 to 5.76)3.46 (2.03 to 5.88)<0.001
Fine-Gray model1.002.23 (1.28 to 3.86)2.97 (1.65 to 5.37)3.80 (2.23 to 6.49)<0.001
  • DM, diabetes mellitus; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; SHR, subdistribution HR; TG, triglyceride.