Table 3

HRs and 95% CIs of BMI trajectory groups for incident hyperglycemia

Model 1*Model 2†Model 3‡
HR (95% CI)P valueHR (95% CI)P valueHR (95% CI)P value
Total
 Low increasing1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)
 Medium increasing1.66 (1.45 to 1.89)<0.0011.31 (1.13 to 1.52)<0.0011.21 (0.99 to 1.48)0.060
 High increasing3.74 (2.95 to 4.74)<0.0011.97 (1.45 to 2.67)<0.0011.56 (1.06 to 2.30)0.025
Male
 Low increasing1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)
 Medium increasing1.94 (1.62 to 2.32)<0.0011.42 (1.16 to 1.74)0.0011.37 (1.04 to 1.80)0.027
 High increasing4.54 (3.20 to 6.45)<0.0011.72 (1.09 to 2.74)0.0201.70 (0.97 to 2.99)0.064
Female
 Low increasing1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)
 Medium increasing1.41 (1.16 to 1.70)<0.0011.19 (0.96 to 1.49)0.1161.09 (0.80 to 1.46)0.591
 High increasing3.14 (2.27 to 4.33)<0.0012.13 (1.42 to 3.20)<0.0011.46 (0.86 to 2.49)0.162
  • *Unadjusted for any covariates.

  • †Adjusted for baseline age, sex (only for total), and BMI.

  • ‡Adjusted for baseline age, sex (only for total), BMI, smoking, and alcohol drinking.

  • BMI, body mass index.