Table 2

ORs (95% CI) for prevalent pre-diabetes (vs normal glucose tolerance) and type 2 diabetes (vs no type 2 diabetes), as well as with incident pre-diabetes (vs non-progressors to pre-diabetes) and incident type 2 diabetes (vs non-progressors to type 2 diabetes) as dependent variables and proinsulin to insulin ratio as independent variable (per SD): results of logistic regression models

Prevalent pre-diabetes
(yes: n=275; no: n=1091)
Prevalent type 2 diabetes
(yes: n=148; no: n=1366)
Incident pre-diabetes
(yes: n=135; no: n=677)
Incident type 2 diabetes
(yes: n=79; no: n=922)
Without adjustment
1.23 (1.07 to 1.40)**2.26 (1.87 to 2.73)***1.24 (1.03 to 1.50)*1.58 (1.24 to 2.01)***
Adjustment for sex, age, BMI, physical activity (model 2)
1.10 (0.94 to 1.29)2.24 (1.81 to 2.77)***1.27 (1.03 to 1.57)*1.66 (1.26 to 2.17)***
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

  • BMI, body mass index.