Table 1

Baseline characteristics of men based on the 1,5-AG level quartile

First quartileSecond quartileThird quartileFourth quartile
N718709713702
1,5-AG (μg/mL)33.4 (4.9)25.4 (1.6)20.3 (1.4)13.4 (3.2)
1,5-AG (μg/mL) (minimum, maximum)28.2, 64.722.8, 28.117.8, 22.73.2, 17.7
Age (years)66.9 (6.5)66.5 (6.4)66.5 (6.6)67.8 (6.7)
BMI (kg/m2)22.7 (2.7)22.9 (2.7)23.2 (2.8)22.7 (2.8)
FPG (mg/dL)95.7 (6.2)95.6 (6.4)95.9 (6.6)95.6 (6.5)
30 min PG (mg/dL)151.6 (24.7)151.5 (24.0)155.3 (26.2)162.1 (31.9)
1-hour PG (mg/dL)145.8 (34.9)146.2 (35.7)150.4 (37.3)157.3 (43.5)
2-hour PG (mg/dL)107.7 (20.3)107.0 (19.4)109.2 (20.3)106.1 (22.5)
3-hour PG (mg/dL)83.5 (21.8)82.7 (21.1)83.5 (21.5)84.0 (22.6)
Δ30 min PG (mg/dL)55.9 (23.2)55.9 (22.2)59.4 (24.4)66.5 (30.3)
Δ1-hour PG (mg/dL)50.1 (33.6)50.6 (34.3)54.5 (36.1)61.7 (42.1)
FIRI (μU/mL)5.1 (0.2)5.2 (0.1)5.5 (0.1)5.1 (0.1)
HOMA-R1.21 (0.70)1.23 (0.75)1.32 (0.74)1.22 (0.74)
HbA1c (%)5.5 (0.3)5.5 (0.3)5.5 (0.3)5.6 (0.4)
Current smoker240 (33.4)193 (27.2)197 (27.6)186 (26.5)
Alcohol consumption
Non-drinker257 (35.8)249 (35.1)256 (35.9)248 (35.3)
0.1–30.0 g/day282 (59.3)257 (36.3)247 (34.6)262 (37.3)
Over 30.1 g/day179 (24.9)203 (28.6)210 (29.5)192 (27.4)
Radiation exposure status
Within 2.0 km111 (15.5)112 (15.8)100 (14.0)114 (16.2)
Over 2.0 km283 (39.4)290 (40.9)300 (42.1)296 (42.2)
Early entrance324 (45.1)307 (43.3)313 (43.7)292 (41.6)
  • Data are shown as the mean (SD) or n (%).

  • 1,5-AG, 1,5-anhydroglucitol; BMI, body mass index; FIRI, fasting immunoreactive insulin; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin; HOMA-R, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; PG, plasma glucose.