Table 1

Central tendency and dispersion of the variables in each participant group at the baseline

Healthy menIR menIR women
Central tendencyDispersionCentral tendencyDispersionCentral tendencyDispersion
Age (years)49*8*47354*6*
Body mass (kg)83.68.896.312.684.510.4
BMI (kg/m2)26.12.430.42.930.52.5
Whole body fat (%)22.64.228.84.840.94.5
Abdominal SAT (kg)4.21.46.32.49.332.13
Visceral fat (kg)2.81.54.51.92.510.74
Cholesterol (mmol/L)*5.000.904.70*1.05*5.070.55
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.29*0.39*1.230.291.500.35
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.140.802.710.822.960.60
Triglycerides (mmol/L)0.990.311.60*1.40*1.340.50
f-FFA0.700.190.680.170.970.12
HbA1c (mmol/mol)36.93.839.65.639.52.4
HbA1c (%)5.52.55.82.65.82.4
f-glucose (mmol/L)5.470.406.95*1.33*6.800.59
f-insulin (mmol/L)5.00*2.50*16.50*11.00*12.00*5.01*
M-value (┬Ámol/kg/min)35.314.517.510.619.612.2
VO2peak (mL/kg/min)34.24.129.33.723.83.9
  • For normally distributed parameters, measure of central tendency is expressed as arithmetic mean and dispersion as SD. For non-normally distributed parameters, measure of central tendency is expressed as median and dispersion as IQR (the difference between 75th and 25th percentiles).

  • *Non-normally distributed parameters.

  • BMI, body mass index; f-FFA, fasting free fatty acid; HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; IR, insulin resistance; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; M-value, whole-body insulin sensitivity; SAT, subcutaneous adipose tissue; VO2peak, maximal aerobic capacity.