Table 2

Distribution of vascular disease risk factors in the population studied

VariableDR not developed (n=95)DR developed (n=55)P value
Age (years)31.9±11.831±11.20.590
Males (%)47.449.10.830
Age of DM onset (years)22.3±10.515.7±11.50.001
Age of onset >18 years (%)6138.10.007
Duration of T1DM (years)9.7±7.215.4±9.50.001
HbA1c baseline (%)7.6±1.37.8±1.10.040
HbA1c mean (%)7.6±1.17.8±1.10.060
HbA1c >7% (%)63.278.20.050
Hypertension (%)15.814.50.830
Dyslipidemia (%)13.721.80.190
Diabetic nephropathy (%)6.37.30.820
Smoking habit (%)25.323.60.820
  • DM, diabetes mellitus; DR, diabetic retinopathy; HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin; T1DM, diabetes mellitus.