Table 2

Sensitivity analysis showing associations with TMAO (μmol/L) when MVPA and sedentary time were mutually adjusted

CovariateCoefficient per 30 min (95% CI)Coefficient per SD
(95% CI)
P valueParticipants (n)Observations included (n)
MVPA−0.561 (−1.119 to −0.004)−0.438 (−0.003 to 0.873)0.048449738
Sedentary time0.017 (−0.168 to 0.202)0.059 (−0.575 to 0.692)0.933449738
  • Model mutually adjusted for MVPA and sedentary time along with age, sex, ethnicity, time, smoking status, randomization group, accelerometer wear time, kidney function, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, HbA1c, lipid-lowering medication, blood pressure-lowering medication, meat intake, and fish intake.

  • MVPA, moderate to vigorous physical activity; TMAO, trimethylamine N-oxide.