Table 1

Demographic features, glycemic control and insulin use at referral

Subjects with type 2 diabetes at referralP value
Completed surgery (n=224)No surgery (n=239)
Gender (male), n (%)71 (32)106 (44)0.005
Age (years)*45.3 (8.7)45.1 (9.1)0.885
Ethnicity, n (%)0.000
 Pasifika50 (22.3)99 (41.4)
 European89 (39.7)60 (25.1)
 Māori50 (22.3)44 (18.4)
 Other35 (15.6)36 (15.1)
Body mass index (kg/m2)*46.4 (6.9)47.4 (8.6)0.180
HbA1c (mmol/mol)*66 (18)70 (21)0.020
 (%)*8.2 (3.8)8.6 (4.1)
Insulin treated at referral, n (%)70 (31.3)70 (29.3)0.646
Completed surgery (n=151)No surgery (n=157)
Gender (male), n (%)45 (29.8)73 (46.5)0.003
Age (years)*43.0 (10.0)39.3 (10.4)0.002
Ethnicity, n (%)0.000
 Pasifika21 (13.9)69 (43.9)
 European90 (59.6)50 (31.8)
 Māori29 (19.2)27 (17.2)
 Other11 (7.3)11 (7.0)
Body mass index (kg/m2)*48.1 (6.3)51.9 (9.3)0.000
HbA1c (mmol/mol)*39 (5)41 (5)0.003
 (%)*5.7 (2.6)5.9 (2.6)
  • *Results expressed as mean (±SD).

  • HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin.