Table 4

Multivariate-adjusted ORs and 95% CIs between asymptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis and diabetic parameters of the non-diabetic participants and as per sex

VariablesIn all participants (n=1700)In male participants (n=838)In female participants (n=862)
ORd (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P value
FPG*, mmol/L
 Model 11.91 (1.09 to 3.35)0.0252.66 (1.01 to 7.01)0.0481.59 (0.79 to 3.21)0.194
 Model 21.74 (0.99 to 3.06)0.0562.40 (0.89 to 6.44)0.0821.42 (0.71 to 2.85)0.319
HOMA-IR*
 Model 11.33 (0.99 to 1.80)0.0591.43 (0.90 to 2.26)0.1331.28 (0.86 to 1.89)0.227
 Model 21.12 (0.80 to 1.55)0.5141.38 (0.80 to 2.39)0.2430.98 (0.65 to 1.49)0.926
IR†
 Model 11.79 (1.03 to 3.14)0.0404.29 (1.70 to 10.84)0.0021.19 (0.59 to 2.40)0.626
 Model 21.43 (0.80 to 2.57)0.2314.65 (1.69 to 12.82)0.0030.80 (0.38 to 1.67)0.55
  • Model 1: adjusted for age, gender, smoking habit, drinking habit, and LDL-C (continuous variable).

  • Model 2: adjusted for variables in model 1 plus additional metabolic syndrome components (raised blood pressure (dichotomous variable), triglycerides (continuous variable), HDL-C (continuous variable), and waist circumference (continuous variable)).

  • *The ORs of continuous variables were for 1-SD increase after logarithmic transformation.

  • †The ORs of dichotomous variables were for those with the feature when taking those without as reference.

  • FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; IR, insulin resistance; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.