Table 3

ER and inpatient hospital utilization at the employer level: absolute and relative difference in predicted utilization without DHP exposure versus actual utilization with DHP exposure

Predicted
utilization without DHP exposure*
Actual utilization with DHP exposureAbsolute
difference
Relative
difference
P value
ER utilization at 1 year post-DHP18.9%16.5%−2.4 percentage points13%
reduction
0.012
ER utilization at 2 years post-DHP18.9%17.1%−1.8 percentage points10%
reduction
0.046
Inpatient hospital utilization at 1 year post-DHP10.3%10.0%−0.3 percentage points3%
reduction
0.737
Inpatient hospital utilization at 2 years post-DHP10.9%10.7%−0.2 percentage points2%
reduction
0.803
  • *Adjusted for the following employer-level variables in a propensity model: mean employee age, % female, race/ethnicity (% White, % Hispanic, % African American, % Asian, % Other race), % with diabetes or pre-diabetes, mean income, UnitedHealthcare (UHC) estimated medical cost risk score, geographic region, number of employees, % of employees with a high-deductible health plan, overall generosity of benefit, % with chronic comorbidities, baseline utilization measure.

  • DHP, Diabetes Health Plan; ER, emergency room.