Table 1

The Maastricht Study spouses’ characteristics

Characteristics
(couples with available information, n)
MenWomen
Median (IQR)
Sociodemographic
 Age (years)62.0 (56.2–66.0)59.0 (53.0–64.0)
Risk factors
 Physical activity dimensions (248)
  Total wake time (min)943.9 (915.3–977.9)934.8 (899.5–972.6)
  Mean stepping minutes per day121.3 (91.1–51.0)124.4 (102.3–146.2)
  Time spent in HPA (%)1.5 (0.7–3.0)2.6 (1.4–3.7)
  Time spent in LPA (%)10.4 (8.0–13.0)10.5 (8.6–12.1)
  Sedentary time (%)62.4 (55.0–67.8)54.9 (48.7–61.2)
 Diet indicators (307)
  Dutch Healthy Diet Index80.1 (71.0–90.9)88.5 (80.5–97.1)
  Total energy intake2351.1 (1952.5–2705.1)1912.1 (1650.8–2289.0)
 Adiposity measures
  BMI26.5 (24.4–28.9)24.8 (22.5–27.3)
  Percentage of body fat (325)27.7 (24.5–32.2)37.9 (34.8–41.1)
  Waist circumference99.1 (92.4–107.0)86.7 (80.1–94.3)
  Hip circumference100.1 (97.0–105.0)99.1 (94.0–105.4)
  Waist to hip ratio0.9 (0.9–1.0)0.8 (0.8–0.9)
 Pathophysiological markers
  Insulin sensitivity indices
   HOMA2-IR (302)1.4 (1.0–2.1)1.1 (0.9–1.6)
   Matsuda Index (269)3.1 (1.9–4.7)4.2 (2.6–5.7)
  Beta cell function indices
   C-peptidogenic indext30 (270)374.1 (235.6–561.4)423.3 (268.3–724.9)
   Rate sensitivity index (pmol/m2/mM) (233)211.0 (116.4–368.9)208.2 (125.3–383.1)
   C peptide AUC (269)187.5 (148.9–251.9)197.5 (159.8–250.8)
   Glucose sensitivity index (pmol/min/m2/mM) (273)26.0 (17.8–36.9)27.2 (18.4–38.4)
   Potentiation factor (284)1.5 (1.1–1.9)1.6 (1.2–2.1)
   Disposition index (226)0.5 (0.3–0.8)0.8 (0.5–1.1)
  Glucose metabolism indicators
   Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)5.6 (5.2–6.1)5.2 (4.9–5.6)
   2-hour plasma glucose (mmol/L) (315)6.1 (4.8–8.0)5.7 (4.9–7.0)
   Hemoglobin A1c (mmol/mol) (324)37.0 (34.0–41.0)37.0 (34.0–40.0)
   Hemoglobin A1c (%) (324)5.6 (5.3–5.9)5.5 (5.3–5.8)
  • If number is not specified in the first column brackets, then n=326.

  • AUC, area under the curve; BMI, body mass index; HOMA2-IR, Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance; HPA, high-intensity physical activity; LPA, low-intensity physical activity.