Table 3

Casual blood glucose and risk of incidence of fatal or non-fatal acute myocardial infarction and stroke and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in 159 731 Norwegian men and women, followed up to 12.7 years, stratified by sex (imputed data)

Events/no.Baseline casual blood glucose level
<7.8 mmol/L (normal)7.8–11.0 mmol/L (borderline)>11.0 mmol/L (high)
Acute myocardial infarction
Women2188/84 005
 Adjusted HR (95 % CI)*1 (ref.)1.37 (1.07 to 1.76)1.98 (1.14 to 3.44)
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)†1 (ref.)1.30 (1.02 to 1.68)1.79 (1.03 to 3.12)
Men4381/75 726
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)*1 (ref.)1.13 (0.95 to 1.35)1.33 (0.87 to 2.03)
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)†1 (ref.)1.05 (0.88 to 1.26)1.14 (0.74 to 1.75)
Stroke
Women2875/84 005
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)*1 (ref.)1.46 (1.17 to 1.81)2.18 (1.38 to 3.45)
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)†1 (ref.)1.39 (1.11 to 1.73)1.93 (1.21 to 3.05)
Men3242/75 726
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)*1 (ref.)1.33 (1.12 to 1.60)1.87 (1.24 to 2.83)
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)†1 (ref.)1.23 (1.03 to 1.47)1.66 (1.09 to 2.53)
Cardiovascular mortality
Women2653/84 005
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)*1 (ref.)1.53 (1.25 to 1.87)2.17 (1.40 to 3.35)
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)†1 (ref.)1.48 (1.22 to 1.81)1.99 (1.29 to 3.07)
Men3025/75 726
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)*1 (ref.)1.25 (1.04 to 1.51)1.98 (1.33 to 2.93)
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)†1 (ref.)1.16 (0.97 to 1.40)1.81 (1.21 to 2.70)
All-cause mortality
Women7756/84 005
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)*1 (ref.)1.29 (1.13 to 1.47)1.89 (1.42 to 2.52)
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)†1 (ref.)1.27 (1.12 to 1.45)1.83 (1.36 to 2.46)
Men9340/75 726
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)*1 (ref.)1.29 (1.17 to 1.44)1.64 (1.27 to 2.12)
 Adjusted HR (95% CI)†1 (ref.)1.27 (1.14 to 1.41)1.59 (1.22 to 2.08)
  • *Adjusted for age and time since last meal.

  • †Adjusted for age, cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, BMI, time since last meal, smoking, education and marital status.

  • BMI, body mass index.