Table 3

Cardiometabolic risk factors and smoking* in Know Your Heart and Tromsø 7, stratified by diabetes status and sex

Know Your Heart
Mean or proportion (95% CI)
Tromsø 7
Mean or proportion (95% CI)
With diabetes†Without diabetes†With diabetes†Without diabetes†
Men (n)21915135147835
BMI (mean, kg/m2)32.1 (31.3 to 32.9)27.2 (27.0 to 27.4)30.4 (29.9 to 30.9)27.8 (27.7 to 27.8)
Waist circumference (mean, cm)109.0 (107.1 to 111.0)95.4 (94.9 to 96.0)105.7 (104.4 to 106.9)97.9 (97.7 to 98.1)
Total cholesterol (mean, mmol/L)5.34 (5.17 to 5.52)5.27 (5.22 to 5.33)4.97 (4.85 to 5.08)5.49 (5.47 to 5.51)
HDL-cholesterol (mean, mmol/L)1.17 (1.11 to 1.23)1.35 (1.33 to 1.37)1.23 (1.2 to 1.27)1.38 (1.38 to 1.39)
LDL-cholesterol (mean, mmol/L)3.50 (3.34 to 3.66)3.46 (3.41 to 3.51)3.16 (3.06 to 3.26)3.73 (3.7 to 3.75)
Ln-transformed triglycerides (mean, mmol/L)0.69 (0.6 to 0.78)0.34 (0.32 to 0.37)0.65 (0.59 to 0.71)0.41 (0.4 to 0.42)
Ln-transformed hsCRP (mean, mmol/L)1.00 (0.84 to 1.16)0.29 (0.24 to 0.34)0.48 (0.38 to 0.58)0.04 (0.02 to 0.06)
SBP (mean, mm Hg)142.1 (139.1 to 145.1)137.3 (136.4 to 138.2)135.7 (133.9 to 137.5)130.7 (130.3 to 131.0)
DBP (mean, mm Hg)87.1 (85.4 to 88.8)86.4 (85.8 to 86.9)78.9 (77.9 to 79.9)78.8 (78.6 to 79.0)
Current smoker (proportion)0.33 (0.26 to 0.4)0.38 (0.36 to 0.41)0.19 (0.16 to 0.23)0.20 (0.19 to 0.21)
Use of lipid-lowering medications (ATC code C10) (proportion)0.19 (0.14 to 0.24)0.05 (0.04 to 0.07)0.34 (0.3 to 0.38)0.07 (0.07 to 0.08)
Women (n)36120283958905
BMI (mean, kg/m2)33.1 (32.3 to 33.9)28.2 (28.0 to 28.4)30.8 (30.0 to 31.6)26.6 (26.5 to 26.7)
Waist circumference (mean, cm)102.1 (100.3 to 103.9)88.5 (88.0 to 89.0)93.2 (91.5 to 94.9)81.7 (81.5 to 82.0)
Total cholesterol (mean, mmol/L)5.56 (5.39 to 5.73)5.51 (5.46 to 5.55)5.34 (5.18 to 5.5)5.55 (5.52 to 5.57)
HDL-cholesterol (mean, mmol/L)1.41 (1.35 to 1.46)1.63 (1.61 to 1.65)1.42 (1.37 to 1.47)1.74 (1.73 to 1.75)
LDL-cholesterol (mean, mmol/L)3.55 (3.4 to 3.7)3.57 (3.53 to 3.61)3.43 (3.29 to 3.57)3.57 (3.55 to 3.59)
Ln-transformed triglycerides (mean, mmol/L)0.65 (0.58 to 0.73)0.22 (0.2 to 0.24)0.63 (0.56 to 0.7)0.14 (0.13 to 0.15)
Ln-transformed hsCRP (mean, mmol/L)1.00 (0.86 to 1.14)0.26 (0.21 to 0.3)0.79 (0.66 to 0.91)0.00 (−0.02 to 0.02)
SBP (mean, mm Hg)137.7 (134.8 to 140.5)127.6 (126.8 to 128.4)135.6 (133.0 to 138.2)123.2 (122.8 to 123.5)
DBP (mean, mm Hg)83.2 (81.8 to 84.6)80.9 (80.5 to 81.4)74.3 (73.1 to 75.6)72.6 (72.4 to 72.8)
Current smoker (proportion)0.13 (0.09 to 0.18)0.17 (0.15 to 0.19)0.19 (0.15 to 0.25)0.19 (0.18 to 0.2)
Use of lipid-lowering medications (ATC code C10) (proportion)0.18 (0.14 to 0.22)0.04 (0.03 to 0.04)0.34 (0.29 to 0.39)0.04 (0.04 to 0.05)
  • *Adjusted for age.

  • †Diabetes defined as HbA1c ≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol) and/or self-reported diabetes and/or use of medication with ATC code A10 (antidiabetics) according to the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification.

  • BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; hsCRP, high sensitivity C-reactive protein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; SBP, systolic blood pressure.