Table 1

Demographic data of the women with GDM (n=46) and control (n=26) women

Control womenWomen with GDMt-Test
MeanSDMeanSDP value
Maternal characteristics
 Age (years)29.14.932.85.40.006
 Prepregnancy weight (kg)
 Body Mass Index (kg/m2)30.27.833.26.60.09
 SBP baseline (mm Hg)10911112120.41
 DBP baseline (mm Hg)6586370.17
 Second-term SBP (mm/Hg)12011120100.96
 second-term DBP (mm Hg)7277290.75
 Maternal weight at delivery (kg)8216.284.9140.44
Biochemical variables
 Fasting glucose (mmol/L)
 Insulin result (IU/L)
 Glycated hemoglobin (%)
 Thyroid-stimulating hormone (mU/L)
 Alanine aminotransferase (U/l)12.91017.411.70.11
 Aspartate transaminase (U/L)16.65.821.116.90.2
 Cholesterol (mmol/L)
 Triglycerides (mmol/L)
 High-density lipoprotein (mmol/L)
 Low-density lipoprotein (mmol/L)30.930.90.95
Newborn characteristics
 Gestational age at delivery (weeks)
 Birth weight (g)306150930375960.875
  • DBP, diastolic blood pressure; GDM, gestational diabetes mellitus; SBP, systolic blood pressure.