Table 2

Year difference of life lost between phase-2 glycemic groups, according to demographic and anthropometric characteristics

Pre-diabetes versus normoglycemia
(1388 vs 1019)
Diabetes versus normoglycemia
(437 vs 1019)
Diabetes versus pre-diabetes
(437 vs 1388)
Total (N=2844)
 Estimate (years)4.314.29.9
 95% CI3.3 to 5.312.8 to 15.58.6 to 11.2
Sex
 Male (n=1409)
  Estimate (years)3.312.28.8
  95% CI1.9 to 4.810.2 to 14.17.1 to 10.7
 Female (n=1435)
  Estimate (years)4.415.511.1
  95% CI3.0 to 5.713.6 to 17.312.9 to 9.3
Age at baseline (years)
 <50 (n=1191)
  Estimate (years)2.510.88.2
  95% CI1.2 to 3.88.4 to 13.15.9 to 10.6
 50–59 (n=1033)
  Estimate (years)2.510.47.9
  95% CI1.1 to 4.08.5 to 12.36.2 to 9.6
 60–69 (n=620)
  Estimate (years)2.16.74.6
  95% CI0.3 to 3.94.6 to 8.72.8 to 6.4
Origin
 Yemen (n=693)
  Estimate (years)4.612.37.6
  95% CI2.7 to 6.69.7 to 14.85.2 to 10.1
 Middle East (n=703)
  Estimate (years)5.517.311.8
  95% CI3.5 to 7.414.5 to 20.19.1 to 14.5
 North Africa (n=577)
  Estimate (years)3.215.312.1
  95% CI0.98 to 5.412.5 to 18.29.4 to 14.9
 Europe/America (n=871)
  Estimate (years)3.712.38.6
  95% CI1.8 to 5.59.6 to 15.06.1 to 11.2
Smoking
 Current and past (n=1174)
  Estimate (years)4.514.09.5
  95% CI2.9 to 6.111.9 to 16.27.4 to 11.5
 Never (n=1670)
  Estimate (years)4.014.310.2
  95% CI2.8 to 5.312.5 to 16.08.5 to 11.9
BMI (kg/m2)
 <25 (n=1203)
  Estimate (years)3.714.210.5
  95% CI2.2 to 5.311.7 to 16.78.0 to 12.9
 25–26.9 (n=561)
  Estimate (years)4.715.911.2
  95% CI2.4 to 6.912.7 to 19.18.2 to 14.3
 27–29.9 (n=597)
  Estimate (years)4.413.69.2
  95% CI2.3 to 6.510.8 to 16.56.7 to 11.8
 30+ (n=445)
  Estimate (years)4.212.28.0
  95% CI1.6 to 6.89.3 to 15.15.6 to 10.4
Blood pressure
 Normotensive (n=1862)
  Estimate (years)3.513.29.7
  95% CI2.3 to 4.711.3 to 15.17.9 to 11.5
 Hypertensive (n=982)
  Estimate (years)3.410.47.0
  95% CI1.7 to 5.18.4 to 12.45.3 to 8.7
  • BMI, body mass index.