Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study participants

BaselineType 2 diabetes (n=23)Controls (n=23)P value
Age (years)64±860±10<0.0001
Sex (M/F)13/109/140.25
Weight (kg)90.9±11.179.5±8.8<0.0001
Height (cm)167±14169±50.64
BMI (kg/m2)32±428±3<0.0001
Systolic BP (mm Hg)132±8122±80.001
Diastolic BP (mm Hg)81±775±60.003
Duration of diabetes (years)4.5±2.2N/A
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)7.6±0.44.9±0.1<0.0001
HbA1c (mmol/mol)51.2±11.437.2±2.2<0.0001
HbA1c (%)6.8±1.05.6±0.2<0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.2±1.04.8±0.770.014
Triglyceride (mmol/L)1.7±0.71.3±0.60.055
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)1.1±0.31.5±0.40.001
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)2.3±0.82.7±0.10.051
CRP (mg/L)3.0±2.75.1±10.30.33
Insulin (IU/mL)13.7±7.621.6±44.20.41
HOMA-IR4.8±3.84.8±9.60.99
  • Data are presented as mean±SD.

  • BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; CRP, C reactive protein; HDL-cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HOMA-IR, Homeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance; LDL-cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.