Table 2

Characteristics of the participants without impaired fasting glucose at baseline

AllDevelopment of diabetes (−)Development of diabetes (+)P value
N19 03118 716315
Age (years)42.11 (6.06)42.07 (6.06)44.54 (5.14)<0.0001
Sex (male/female)15 542/348915 245/3471297/18<0.0001
BMI at baseline (kg/m2)21.53 (2.04)21.52 (2.04)22.56 (1.79)<0.0001
SBP (mm Hg)115.92 (13.06)115.84 (13.02)120.76 (14.40)<0.0001
DBP (mm Hg)72.35 (10.10)72.28 (10.07)76.71 (10.92)<0.0001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)119.45 (29.85)119.28 (29.73)129.21 (35.17)<0.0001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)62.23 (15.13)62.30 (15.14)57.70 (14.21)<0.0001
Triglycerides (mg/dL)100.36 (73.45)99.83 (73.26)131.73 (78.32)<0.0001
Glucose (mg/dL)91.10 (7.53)90.96 (7.45)99.77 (7.45)<0.0001
Uric acid (mg/dL)5.68 (1.33)5.67 (1.33)6.21 (1.37)<0.0001
Smoking (non/past/current)10 183/2518/633010 071/2477/6168112/41/162<0.0001
Eating speed (fast/normal/slow)5543/11 917/15715429/11 730/1557114/187/140.003
Skipping breakfast (+/−)4046/14 9853957/14 75989/2260.002
Alcohol drinker (+/−)5040/13 9914928/13 788112/2030.002
Physical exercise (+/−)2892/16 1392838/15 87854/2610.34
CV of BMI (%)2.22 (0.96)2.21 (0.96)2.35 (1.08)0.016
  • Data are presented as mean (SD) or absolute number.

  • BMI, body mass index; CV, coefficient of variation; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; SBP, systolic blood pressure.