Table 1

Qualitative themes and corresponding NHANES variables

Qualitative themesNHANES questions/variables
Glucose monitoringHow often do you check your blood for glucose or sugar?
Salt reductionTo lower your risk for certain diseases, are you reducing the amount of sodium or salt in your diet?
What kind of diet are you on? Is it a low-sodium diet?
Changed diet for diabetesWhat kind of diet are you on? Is it a diabetic diet?
Changed eating habits to lose weight/to not gain weight.
Reduced or skipped medication
(and memory aids, pillbox)
Told to take medicine for high blood pressure, but not taking it.
Told to take medicine to lower cholesterol, but not taking it.
Sugar reductionWhat kind of diet are you on? Is it sugar-free or low-sugar diet?
Ate less sugar, candy, sweets to lose weight/not gain weight.
Starch/carbohydrate reductionWhat kind of diet are you on? (Is it a low-carbohydrate diet?)
Reducing carbohydrates to lose weight/not gain weight.
Portion control/calorie countWhat kind of diet are you on? Is it a weight loss or low-calorie diet?
Switched to lower calorie foods to lose weight/not gain weight.
Ate less food to lose weight/not gain weight.
Diabetes education, at diagnosisWhen was the last time you saw a diabetes nurse educator or dietitian or nutritionist for your diabetes?
In the past 12 months, did you seek help from a dietitian to lose weight/not gain weight?
In the past 12 months, did you seek help from a nutritionist to lose weight/not gain weight?
Eating only two mealsSkipped meals to lose weight/to not gain weight.
Increased intake of fruits and vegetablesEating more fruits and vegetables to lose weight/not gain weight.
Fat reductionWhat kind of diet are you on? Is it a low-fat or low-cholesterol diet?
Eating less fat to lose weight/not gain weight.
  • NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.