Table 4

Adjusted ORs and 95% CIs of risk factors for any fracture and fall-related fracture in patients with type 1 diabetes

VariablesMultivariate-adjusted OR (95% CI)
Any fractureFall-related fracture
Current smoking habit (yes vs no)2.88 (1.28 to 6.42)2.21 (0.86 to 5.41)
Family history of hip fracture (yes vs no)2.50 (0.51 to 9.74)4.81 (0.94 to 19.72)
Duration of diabetes (per 10 years increase)2.42 (1.75 to 3.43)2.63 (1.85 to 3.85)
Severe hypoglycemia (yes vs no)2.10 (1.11 to 4.06)1.93 (0.94 to 4.04)
Sex (male vs female)1.51 (0.78 to 2.92)0.98 (0.46 to 2.07)
BMI (per 1 kg/m2 increase)1.04 (0.95 to 1.14)0.98 (0.88 to 1.08)
Exercise habit (yes vs no)1.03 (0.56 to 1.94)0.85 (0.43 to 1.72)
Body weight change (per 10% decrease)0.88 (0.66 to 1.11)0.76 (0.50 to 1.02)
HbA1c (per 1% increase)0.85 (0.59 to 1.20)1.08 (0.71 to 1.62)
Age (per 10 years increase)0.79 (0.62 to 1.01)0.80 (0.60 to 1.05)
Current alcohol habit (yes vs no)0.78 (0.32 to 1.81)1.64 (0.64 to 4.01)
  • Multivariate adjustments include all variables above.

  • BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c.