Table 3

Glycemic characteristics and outcomes in patients with DM and COVID-19

Glycemic characteristicsICU care, unadjusted,
OR (95% CI)
ICU care,
adjusted*
Ventilator, unadjustedVentilator,
adjusted
Mortality,
unadjusted
Mortality,
adjusted
Outpatient insulin use (n=111)1.08 (0.51 to 2.29)0.98 (0.44 to 2.12)1.76 (0.78 to 4.0)1.71 (0.71 to 4.1)0.77 (0.18 to 3.4)0.71 (0.16 to 3.2)
Hemoglobin A1c (n=92)1.07 (0.89 to 1.27)1.02 (0.85 to 1.24)1.15 (0.95 to 1.38)1.11 (0.92 to 1.36)1.00 (0.7 to 1.43)0.97 (0.67 to 1.42)
Glucose on admission† (n=110)1.02 (0.98 to 1.06)1.02 (0.98 to 1.06)1.03 (0.99 to 1.07)1.03 (0.99 to 1.08)1.02 (0.96 to 1.08)1.02 (0.96 to 1.09)
Mean glucose per patient-day† (n=96)0.95 (0.85 to 1.05)0.91 (0.82 to 1.02)0.93 (0.83 to 1.04)0.88 (0.78 to 1.01)0.86 (0.69 to 1.07)0.82 (0.64 to 1.05)
  • *Each characteristic was adjusted for gender and age.

  • †OR calculated per every 10 mg/dL of glucose.

  • DM, diabetes mellitus; ICU, intensive care unit.