Table 2

Risk of increased PP on the new-onset diabetes events

GroupsNEventsIncidence density (persons per year)Model 1Model 2Model 3
HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
Normal PP88013799.70Ref.Ref.Ref.
Increased PP981849812.311.41 (1.23 to 1.61)1.13 (0.97 to 1.31)1.08 (0.93 to 1.25)
Per SD increase in PP18 61987711.031.20 (1.13 to 1.28)1.06 (0.98 to 1.15)1.01 (0.93 to 1.09)
  • Model 1: adjusted for age and gender; model 2, adjusted for age, gender, BMI, MAP, hs-CRP, smoking, drinking, exercise, hyperlipidemia, family history of diabetes and blood pressure lowering agents; model 3: adjusted for all the variables in model 2 and baPWV.

  • baPWV, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity; BMI, body mass index; hs-CRP, high-sensitivity C reactive protein; MAP, mean arterial pressure; PP, pulse pressure.