Table 3

Risk of increased baPWV on the new-onset diabetes events

GroupsNEventsIncidence density (persons per year)Model 1Model 2Model 3
HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
Normal baPWV92773067.65Ref.Ref.Ref.
Increased baPWV934257114.441.96 (1.70 to 2.25)1.65 (1.42 to 1.91)1.64 (1.41 to 1.90)
Per SD increase in baPWV18 61987711.031.41 (1.33 to 1.49)1.36 (1.27 to 1.46)1.36 (1.27 to 1.46)
  • Model 1: adjusted for age and gender; model 2: adjusted for age, gender, BMI, MAP, hs-CRP, smoking, drinking, exercise, hyperlipidemia, family history of diabetes, blood pressure lowering agents; model 3, adjusted for all the variables in model 2 and PP.

  • baPWV, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity; BMI, body mass index; hs-CRP, high-sensitivity C reactive protein; MAP, mean arterial pressure; PP, pulse pressure.