Table 4

Risk of different PP and baPWV combination on the new-onset diabetes events

GroupsNEventsIncidence density (persons per year)Model 1Model 2
HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
Normal PP and baPWV52951787.46Ref.Ref.
Normal PP and increased baPWV350620113.211.88 (1.53 to 2.30)1.66 (1.35 to 2.05)
Increased PP and normal baPWV39821287.941.23 (0.98 to 1.54)1.09 (0.86 to 1.37)
Increased PP and baPWV583637015.212.29 (1.91 to 2.73)1.74 (1.43 to 2.13)
  • Model 1: adjusted for age and gender; model 2: adjusted for age, gender, BMI, MAP, hs-CRP, smoking, drinking, exercise, hyperlipidemia, family history of diabetes and blood pressure lowering agents.

  • baPWV, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity; BMI, body mass index; hs-CRP, high-sensitivity C reactive protein; MAP, mean arterial pressure; PP, pulse pressure.