Table 1

Distribution of sociodemographic characteristics of the population with diabetes by eye examination status

CharacteristicsEye examination during 2-year poststudy enrollment period
Yes (n=712)No (n=780)P value
Mean age (SD)50.13 (0.95)48.35 (10.66)0.0008
Female sex, n (%)534 (68)421 (59)0.0002
Non-Hispanic black, n (%)710 (91)653 (92)0.6368
Chronic Disability Payment System score, n (%)0.005
 First tertile (healthiest)252 (32)245 (34)
 Second tertile289 (37)209 (29)
 Third tertile (sickest)239 (31)258 (36)
DCSI score (SD)2.51 (2.37)2.34 (2.35)0.1816
History of eye disease, n (%)448 (57)230 (32)<0.0001
History of diabetic eye disease treatment, n (%)28 (4)8 (1)0.0019
  • DCSI, Diabetes Complications Severity Index; SD, Standard Deviation.