Table 3

Adjusted OR of having an eye examination in the 2-year poststudy enrollment period

CharacteristicsOR (95% CI)P value
Age (18–34*)
 35–541.58 (1.11 to 2.26)0.0119
 55+1.68 (1.15 to 2.46)0.0073
Female sex (male)1.54 (1.22 to 1.93)0.0002
Non-Hispanic black (no)0.88 (0.60 to 1.30)0.5273
CDPS (first tertile: healthiest)
 Second tertile1.12 (0.86 to 1.48)0.4016
 Third tertile (sickest)0.69 (0.50 to 0.96)0.0274
DCSI score1.01 (0.95 to 1.07)0.7566
History of eye disease (no)2.79 (2.23 to 3.49)<0.0001
History of diabetic eye disease treatment (no)2.19 (1.00 to 5.35)0.0642
No regular doctor for health needs (has)0.45 (0.31 to 0.64)<0.0001
Poor housing conditions (no)0.70 (0.53 to 0.94)0.0176
  • *Reference group for each variable is detailed in parentheses.

  • CDPS, Chronic Disability Payment System; DCSI, Diabetes Complications Severity Index.