Table 4

Association between edentulism and health status (outcome) among those with diabetes estimated by multivariable linear regression

Health statusB-coefficient95% CI
Self-care3.50−1.07 to 8.07
Pain/discomfort−1.24−5.17 to 2.68
Cognition7.63***3.62 to 11.65
Interpersonal activities1.26−3.06 to 5.58
Sleep/energy4.04*0.10 to 7.98
Affect†−1.41−5.63 to 2.82
Perceived stress‡5.64*0.59 to 10.69
  • Health status was the outcome and scores ranged from 0 to 100 with higher scores corresponding to worse health status.

  • Models are adjusted for age, sex, wealth, education, smoking, heavy drinking, and country.

  • *P<0.05; ***p<0.001.

  • †Morocco is not included due to lack of data.

  • ‡Brazil, Hungary, and Zimbabwe are not included due to lack of data.