Table 1

Average annual percent changes (AAPCs) in incidence of and mortality due to T1DM and T2DM, 1990–2019

Age group (year)AAPC in incidence, % (95% CI)AAPC in mortality, % (95% CI)
MalesFemalesMalesFemales
T1DM
 ASR2.01 (1.78 to 2.23)*1.7 (1.61 to 1.8)*−1.96 (−2.22 to −1.71)*−4.02 (−4.48 to −3.57)*
 <50.91 (0.59 to 1.22)*0.24 (−0.14 to 0.62)−5.8 (−6.15 to −5.45)*−7.27 (−7.75 to −6.8)*
 5–90.78 (0.51 to 1.06)*0.65 (0.35 to 0.95)*−3.73 (−4.07 to −3.38)*−5.41 (−6.14 to −4.69)*
 10–141.24 (1.05 to 1.43)*1.56 (1.43 to 1.68)*−3 (−3.3 to −2.7)*−4.63 (−5.28 to −3.97)*
 15–192.28 (1.83 to 2.73)*3.03 (2.64 to 3.42)*−2.9 (−3.23 to −2.57)*−3.62 (−4.08 to −3.15)*
 20–243.16 (2.65 to 3.68)*3.67 (3.2 to 4.14)*−1.81 (−2.19 to −1.42)*−3.39 (−4.03 to −2.76)*
 25–293.29 (2.8 to 3.77)*3.39 (3 to 3.78)*−0.85 (−1.04 to −0.67)*−4.19 (−5.2 to −3.18)*
 30–343.07 (2.58 to 3.56)*2.81 (2.47 to 3.16)*−1.29 (−1.58 to −1)*−4.72 (−5.63 to −3.8)*
 35–393 (2.54 to 3.47)*2.64 (2.32 to 2.97)*−1.57 (−1.91 to −1.23)*−4.37 (−4.92 to −3.82)*
 40–442.88 (2.44 to 3.31)*2.45 (2.14 to 2.77)*−1.66 (−1.93 to −1.39)*−4.13 (−4.57 to −3.69)*
 45–492.72 (2.34 to 3.09)*2.19 (1.9 to 2.49)*−1.72 (−1.98 to −1.45)*−5.06 (−5.76 to −4.37)*
 50–542.66 (2.34 to 2.98)*2.08 (1.8 to 2.35)*−2.25 (−2.58 to −1.92)*−4.75 (−5.28 to −4.23)*
 55–592.72 (2.42 to 3.02)*2.2 (1.94 to 2.47)*−2.5 (−2.91 to −2.09)*−4.32 (−4.78 to −3.86)*
 60–642.83 (2.57 to 3.1)*2.37 (2.09 to 2.65)*−1.84 (−2.13 to −1.56)*−4.09 (−4.42 to −3.76)*
 65–692.96 (2.71 to 3.21)*2.57 (2.26 to 2.87)*−1.85 (−2.22 to −1.48)*−3.5 (−3.97 to −3.04)*
 ≥703.13 (2.86 to 3.4)*2.76 (2.4 to 3.11)*−1.27 (−1.55 to −0.99)*−2.42 (−2.87 to −1.97)*
T2DM
 ASR0.81 (0.62 to 0.99)*0.37 (0.16 to 0.58)*1.06 (0.87 to 1.25)*−0.24 (−0.54 to 0.07)
 15–194.46 (3.62 to 5.31)*3.59 (2.79 to 4.4)*−2.31 (−2.77 to −1.85)*−1.71 (−2.18 to −1.23)*
 20–243.57 (3.03 to 4.11)*2.78 (2.27 to 3.29)*−0.48 (−0.88 to −0.09)*−2 (−2.69 to −1.31)*
 25–291.79 (1.49 to 2.1)*0.92 (0.73 to 1.11)*0.82 (0.63 to 1.01)*−2.36 (−3.25 to −1.46)*
 30–341.3 (1.01 to 1.58)*0.36 (0.17 to 0.56)*0 (−0.36 to 0.36)−2.52 (−3.28 to −1.77)*
 35–391.31 (1.03 to 1.58)*0.37 (0.19 to 0.54)*−0.41 (−0.85 to 0.04)−2.3 (−2.78 to −1.82)*
 40–440.6 (0.36 to 0.84)*0.02 (−0.14 to 0.18)−0.15 (−0.48 to 0.18)−2.01 (−2.37 to −1.65)*
 45–49−0.36 (−0.71 to −0.01)*−0.25 (−0.41 to −0.09)*−0.05 (−0.32 to 0.22)−3.21 (−3.83 to −2.59)*
 50–54−0.63 (−1.05 to −0.21)*−0.27 (−0.51 to −0.02)*−0.26 (−0.52 to 0)−2.75 (−3.31 to −2.2)*
 55–59−0.4 (−0.85 to 0.06)−0.18 (−0.62 to 0.26)−0.41 (−0.67 to −0.16)*−2.21 (−2.78 to −1.65)*
 60–64−0.15 (−0.67 to 0.38)0 (−0.51 to 0.51)0.27 (0.09 to 0.45)*−1.78 (−2.09 to −1.47)*
 65–690.02 (−0.64 to 0.67)0.41 (−0.08 to 0.9)0.27 (0.02 to 0.52)*−0.99 (−1.35 to −0.63)*
 ≥700.33 (−0.15 to 0.82)0.04 (−0.37 to 0.44)1.62 (1.41 to 1.82)*0.8 (0.5 to 1.09)*
  • *Indicates a p value<0.05.

  • ASR, age-standardized rate.