Table 2

Means (SDs) and percentage agreement for each belief statement

DomainMeanSDnAgreement (%)
‘Thinking about your role in providing and/or supporting diabetic retinopathy screening for young adults with diabetes (aged 18–34 years), please rate your agreement with the following statements:’
Knowledge
 ‘The guidelines and recommendations around DRS for people with diabetes in the UK are clear’2.231.0213966.9
 ‘The standards around DRS for people with diabetes in the UK are clear’2.071.0913971.2
 ‘I am aware of attendance patterns in young adults in my DESP'1.870.8213982.0
 ‘I am aware of a patient’s current diabetes self-management (ie, Hba1c)’3.231.3114034.3
 ‘It would be helpful to know how patients are currently managing their diabetes’*4.300.8113985.6
Skills
 ‘There is sufficient education available about DRS for professionals working within the DESP’2.181.1014071.4
 ‘There is sufficient training available about DRS for professionals working within the DESP’2.061.1013974.8
Social/professional role and identity
 ‘The DESP has a role to play in encouraging attendance among young adults’1.400.6314096.4
 ‘The roles and responsibilities of different healthcare professionals involved in caring for people with diabetes is clear’2.651.0514051.4
 ‘It is the responsibility of other healthcare professionals to encourage attendance in young adults with diabetes'*3.501.1114053.6
 ‘DESP staff should play more of a role in discussing screening results with patients’2.141.1014070.0
 ‘I would like the ability to refer patients to additional support for their diabetes’*4.500.6713991.4
Optimism
 ‘There is more we can do to try and increase attendance in young adults’1.540.7114090.0
Beliefs about capabilities
 ‘It is easy to discuss DRS with young adults’2.691.1213746.0
Beliefs about consequences
 ‘Improving attendance in young adults will help reduce vision loss’1.080.3014099.3
Reinforcement
 ‘I am encouraged to try to increase attendance in young adults’2.241.0414063.6
Intention
 ‘My screening service has plans in place to try and encourage attendance among young adults’2.471.0714052.9
Goals
 ‘Supporting attendance in young adults is a priority for the DESP’2.130.9014066.4
 ‘There are more pressing priorities for the DESP than increasing attendance in young adults’*2.580.9513917.3
 ‘My screening service has targets around screening attendance’1.210.4914096.4
 Memory, attention and decision processes
 ‘The DESP has strategies in place to try and remind young adults to attend’2.310.9514070.0
Environmental context and resources
 ‘The DESP is well integrated with ophthalmology services’2.151.2114071.4
 ‘The DESP is well integrated with specialist diabetes services in hospitals’2.861.1714040.0
 ‘The DESP is well integrated with GP practices in primary care’2.441.0114061.4
 ‘Problems with re-scheduling appointments impacts young adults’ attendance’*3.761.0214065.7
 ‘The DESP has sufficient staff to provide DRS to patients’2.661.2913955.4
 ‘The DESP have sufficient time to provide DRS to patients’2.351.2514067.1
 ‘The DESP have sufficient resources to provide DRS to patients’2.551.3014061.4
 ‘Incomplete or inaccurate registers make it more difficult for the DESP to support DRS in young adults’*4.111.0414077.1
 ‘Transient populations make it more difficult for the DESP to support DRS in young adults’*3.830.8514063.6
 ‘Accessibility of the screening service impacts young adults’ attendance’*3.891.0813972.1
 ‘DRS appointments are a good opportunity to discuss diabetes management with patients’2.411.3514058.6
Social influences
 ‘Communication across healthcare providers involved in diabetes care is poor’*3.720.9514062.9
 ‘Language is a barrier to supporting DRS’*3.441.0414052.9
 Emotion
 ‘I worry about screening attendance in young adults’1.670.7614085.0
Behavioural regulation
 ‘I receive feedback on my practice around DRS’2.211.0413867.4
 ‘My colleagues and I discuss screening attendance and how to improve it’2.021.0214074.3
  • The mean scores correspond to the extent to which participants agreed with each statement using a 5-point Likert scale (strongly agree=1; somewhat agree=2; neither agree nor disagree=3; somewhat disagree=4; strongly disagree=5), after scores have been reversed where applicable.

  • *Belief statements in italics have been reverse scored. The level of agreement is based on those strongly or somewhat agreeing with the belief statement.

  • DESP, Diabetic Eye Screening Programme; DRS, diabetic retinopathy screening; GP, General Practitioner (Family Physician).