Table 4

Unstandardized betas* and 95% CIs for association of each domain score with HbA1c† and QOL

DomainHbA1cQOL
Beta95% CIBeta95% CI
Learning Opportunities0.350.09 to 0.62−17.59−20.43 to −14.76
Costs and Insurance0.270.12 to 0.42−8.36−9.94 to −6.79
Family and Friends0.10−0.06 to 0.27−3.43−5.49 to −1.37
Coping and Behavioral Skills0.630.39 to 0.87−18.96−21.16 to −16.75
Diabetes Provider Interactions0.390.17 to 0.61−6.26−8.71 to −3.80
  • *Betas reflect a unit change in outcome variable for each 1-unit increase in domain score.

  • †International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) units.

  • HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; QOL, quality of life.