Table 4

Comparison of pregnancy outcomes between the two groups of patients with GDM

ParameterRE group, n=43AE group, n=43Test valueP value
Premature rupture of membranes (n, %)6 (14.0)9 (20.9)0.727*0.394
Preterm birth (n, %)7 (16.3)1 (2.3)–†0.058
Prolonged labor (n, %)2 (4.7)1 (2.3)–†1.000
Instrumental labor (n, %)1 (2.3)0–†1.000
Cesarean section (n, %)21 (48.8)16 (37.2)1.186*0.276
Macrosomia (n, %)2 (4.7)3 (7.0)–†1.000
Newborn weight (g, x̅±s)3112.79±420.523237.91±419.05−1.382‡0.171
Newborn body length (cm, x̅±s)49.79±1.0649.88±0.66−0.488‡0.627
Neonatal BMI (kg/m2, x̅±s)12.52±1.2912.99±1.47−1.582‡0.117
Neonatal 1 min Apgar (points, x̅±s)9.84±0.759.72±1.180.544‡0.588
Neonatal 5 min Apgar (points, x̅±s)9.95±0.219.93±0.340.382‡0.704
Fetal distress (n, %)1 (2.3)0–†1.000
Neonatal asphyxia (n, %)1 (2.3)1 (2.3)–†1.000
Neonatal jaundice1 (2.3)0–†1.000
  • 2 value.

  • †Fisher’s exact test.

  • ‡t-value.

  • AE, aerobic exercise; BMI, body mass index; RE, resistance exercise.